- What is mutual exclusion with busy waiting?
- Which of the following three conditions must be satisfied to solve the critical section problem?
- What is a race condition What is the difference between busy waiting and blocking?
- What are the steps that occur when an interrupt is processed?
- What is the critical section problem?
- What is the solution to critical section problem?
- What is interrupt disabling?
- Is there any condition in which mutual exclusion will be violated in semaphores?
- What is the difference between semaphore and mutex?
- Can interrupts be interrupted?
- What are the main steps to enabling an interrupt?
- What is a critical section give examples?
- What are the requirements for mutual exclusion?
- How do I stop mutual exclusions?
- Which interrupt has highest priority?
- What are the uses of interrupts?
- What are the limitations of the interrupt disabling for mutual exclusion?
- Why mutual exclusion is required?
- What are the two kinds of semaphores?
- What is enabling and disabling interrupts?
- Why are interrupts used in a computer?
What is mutual exclusion with busy waiting?
Busy-waiting is effective for both uniprocessor and multiprocessor systems.
The use of shared memory and an atomic test-and-set instruction provide the mutual exclusion.
A process can test-and-set on a location in shared memory, and since the operation is atomic, only one process can set the flag at a time..
Which of the following three conditions must be satisfied to solve the critical section problem?
Here you can access and discuss Multiple choice questions and answers for various compitative exams and interviews….Discussion Forum.Que.The following three conditions must be satisfied to solve the critical section problem :b.Progressc.Bounded Waitingd.All of the mentionedAnswer:All of the mentioned1 more row
What is a race condition What is the difference between busy waiting and blocking?
Explain the difference between busy waiting and blocking. ANS: With busy waiting, a process keeps testing for some condition. It is constantly using the CPU, sitting in a tight loop. With blocking, a process gives up the CPU and is awakened later when the condition that is being waited for has become true.
What are the steps that occur when an interrupt is processed?
The sequence of steps that occurs during interrupt processing are: The contents of flag register the CS and IP are pushed on to the stack. To disable single steps and INTR interupts the TF and IF are cleared. The program then jumps to the beginning or starting adsress of ISS.
What is the critical section problem?
Informally, a critical section is a code segment that accesses shared variables and has to be executed as an atomic action. The critical section problem refers to the problem of how to ensure that at most one process is executing its critical section at a given time.
What is the solution to critical section problem?
Mutual exclusion implies that only one process can be inside the critical section at any time. If any other processes require the critical section, they must wait until it is free.
What is interrupt disabling?
By disabling interrupts the CPU will be unable to switch processes. This guarantees that the process can use the shared variable without another process accessing it.
Is there any condition in which mutual exclusion will be violated in semaphores?
If two wait operations are executed on a semaphore when its value is 1, if the two operations are not performed atomically, then it is possible that both operations might proceed to decrement the semaphore value, thereby violating mutual exclusion.
What is the difference between semaphore and mutex?
A Mutex is different than a semaphore as it is a locking mechanism while a semaphore is a signalling mechanism. A binary semaphore can be used as a Mutex but a Mutex can never be used as a semaphore.
Can interrupts be interrupted?
Normally, an interrupt service routine proceeds until it is complete without being interrupted itself in most of the systems. However, If we have a larger system, where several devices may interrupt the microprocessor, a priority problem may arise. … This “interrupt of an interrupt” is called a nested interrupt.
What are the main steps to enabling an interrupt?
Five conditions must be true for an interrupt to be generated: device arm, NVIC enable, global enable, interrupt priority level must be higher than current level executing, and. hardware event trigger.
What is a critical section give examples?
To prevent this, variable x is protected by a critical section. … In a related situation, a critical section may be used to ensure that a shared resource, for example, a printer, can only be accessed by one process at a time.
What are the requirements for mutual exclusion?
Requirements for Mutual Exclusiondeadlock* = endless waiting due to circular wait relationships.starvation = unbounded waiting due to order of service policy.unfairness = requests are not served in order they are made.fault intolerance = algorithm breaks if processes die or messages are lost or garbled.
How do I stop mutual exclusions?
Deadlock preventionMutual exclusion. Make some resources unsharable, such as printers, tape drives.Hold and wait. Process must request all needed resources at one time. … No Preemption. Make it possible for the O/S to make a process give up a resource. … Circular wait.
Which interrupt has highest priority?
TRAPTRAP is the internal interrupt that has the highest priority among all interrupts except the divide by zero exception.
What are the uses of interrupts?
Interrupts are commonly used to service hardware timers, transfer data to and from storage (e.g., disk I/O) and communication interfaces (e.g., UART, Ethernet), handle keyboard and mouse events, and to respond to any other time-sensitive events as required by the application system.
What are the limitations of the interrupt disabling for mutual exclusion?
Interrupt disabling guarantees mutual exclusion. The disadvantage of this is that efficiency of execution could be noticeably downgraded. This approach also wouldn’t work in a microprocessor architecture.
Why mutual exclusion is required?
It is the requirement that a process can not enter its critical section while another concurrent process is currently present or executing in its critical section i.e only one process is allowed to execute the critical section at any given instance of time. Mutual exclusion in single computer system Vs.
What are the two kinds of semaphores?
Semaphores in Operating SystemTypes of Semaphores. There are two main types of semaphores i.e. counting semaphores and binary semaphores. Details about these are given as follows −Advantages of Semaphores. Some of the advantages of semaphores are as follows −Disadvantages of Semaphores. Some of the disadvantages of semaphores are as follows −
What is enabling and disabling interrupts?
The processor services interrupts and exceptions only between the end of one instruction and the beginning of the next. When the repeat prefix is used to repeat a string instruction, interrupts and exceptions may occur between repetitions.
Why are interrupts used in a computer?
Interrupts are important because they give the user better control over the computer. Without interrupts, a user may have to wait for a given application to have a higher priority over the CPU to be ran. This ensures that the CPU will deal with the process immediately.