Question: What Is Language Planning In Linguistics?

What is language planning policy?

The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages..

What is language varieties in linguistics?

In sociolinguistics, language variety—also called lect—is a general term for any distinctive form of a language or linguistic expression. Linguists commonly use language variety (or simply variety) as a cover term for any of the overlapping subcategories of a language, including dialect, register, jargon, and idiolect.

What are the major goals of language policies?

The goal is to sustain, reinforce, and expand our local languages and to provide the foundation skills for acquisition of English and other international languages. The FSM Language Policy recognizes that the traditions, values and customs that make us unique as a people are conveyed through our local languages.

What do we mean by status planning in Applied Linguistics?

Traditionally, there are two dimensions of language planning: “Corpus planning deals with norm selection and codification, as in the writing of grammars and the standardization of spelling; status planning deals with initial choice of language, including attitudes toward alternative languages and the political …

What are the first two stages of language planning in the process of adopting a national language?

05. What are the first two stages of language planning in the process of adopting a national language? The first two stages are “selection” (choosing an official language) and “codification” (creating grammars and dictionaries).

What is the meaning of language planning?

Language planning is the attempt to influence how a language is used. This is usually done to make it possible to use the language for more subjects. Goals, objectives and strategies are made to change the way a language is used. … Corpus planning creates new words, expressions or changes old ones to have a new meaning.

What are the three types of language planning?

Language planning has been divided into three types:Status planning.Corpus planning.Acquisition planning.Status planning.Corpus planning.Acquisition planning.

What is the difference between language policy and language planning?

Planning entails a statement of goals as well as a program (plan) to achieve those goals. Language policy refers to explicit or implicit language planning by official bodies, such as ministries of education, workplace managers, or school administrators.

What is codification in language planning?

In linguistics, codification is the process of selecting, developing, and laying down (prescribing) a model for standard language usage. … In a well-known model of language planning by Einar Haugen, codification is only the second step.

Why is language planning?

“Language planning and policy arise out of sociopolitical situations where, for example, speakers of various languages compete for resources or where a particular linguistic minority is denied access to basic rights.

What are the steps of language planning?

Formulation, Codification, Elaboration, and Implementation These steps or stages in corpus development are also seen as paralleled by policy development, and some analysts enumerate these steps in language policy planning (Eastman 1983:12): Formulation: setting the goals of the policy.

What are the factors which influence language planning?

One of the factors that influence language planning is linguistic factor. Linguistic factors can be regarded as those that are needed to be considered on the part of a language in relation to other languages. It relates to the status and characters of a language as well as similarities between languages.

What are the four steps to plan for a national official language?

Planning For a National Official LanguageSelection; choosing the variety or code to be developed .Codification; standardizing its structural or linguistic features.Elaboration; extending its function for use in new domains.More items…

What is the importance of language policy?

It is critically important to develop language policies that ensure the access of minority populations to prestigious forms of national standard languages and literacies while supporting the intergenerational retention of minority languages, both indigenous and immigrant languages.

What is status planning?

Status planning concerns itself with the conscious choice of the variety(ies) that will become the official language(s) of the state, the medium of its institutions, and the means for interaction between state and citizens.

What is language modernization?

It is the way in which a language is made to cope with new situations and expands its functional roles by developing the vocabulary and structures necessary in fields like administration, the judiciary, journalism, broadcasting, higher education, research etc., etc. MODERNIZATION AND THE DEVELOPING NATIONS.