How Do You Prove Statelessness?

How does a stateless person travel?

Many countries issue travel documents to people resident there who are either 1) stateless, or 2) unable to get a passport from their country of nationality.

(Note that, if the stateless person is also a refugee, they can usually get a “Refugee travel document”, which is technically a 1951 Convention travel document.).

What is the condition of being statelessness?

The international legal definition of a stateless person is “a person who is not considered as a national by any State under the operation of its law”. In simple terms, this means that a stateless person does not have the nationality of any country. Some people are born stateless, but others become stateless.

Statelessness is a legal anomaly, which can prevent the persons concerned from accessing fundamental human, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. … Approaches in EU Member States to Prevent and End Statelessness, European Parliament, Study, 2015.

What is a stateless state?

A stateless nation is an ethnic group or nation that does not possess its own state and is not the majority population in any nation state. The term “stateless” implies that the group “should have” such a state (country).

Who is not a citizen?

Under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States, “[t]he term ‘alien’ means any person not a citizen or national of the United States.”

What happens if you don’t have citizenship anywhere?

No such provisions exists in the United States for a person who renounces their citizenship and if the person in question can’t, or simply doesn’t, attain citizenship from another country before the decision to renounce their nationality is finalised, they will be considered stateless and can only hope another nation …

What are the rights of stateless persons?

1954 Convention relating to Status of Stateless Persons The stateless person is obliged to abide by the laws, regulations and maintain public order of the country in which he currently is. Certain provisions of this convention are: Article 5 – the right to freedom of religion. Article 22 – The right to education.

How can you tell if someone is stateless?

What Does It Mean To Be Stateless? A stateless person is someone who, under national laws, does not enjoy citizenship – the legal bond between a government and an individual – in any country.

Can a person have no citizenship in any country?

The international legal definition of a stateless person is “a person who is not considered as a national by any State under the operation of its law”. In simple terms, this means that a stateless person does not have a nationality of any country. Some people are born stateless, but others become stateless.

Why is statelessness a problem?

Typically, because they lack access to identification papers to prove their citizenship, they are ineligible to vote and participate in political processes, unable to obtain travel documents and unable to access a range of government services and employment.

How can we reduce statelessness?

The ten actions to end statelessness are: 1) resolve the existing major situations of statelessness; 2) ensure that no child is born stateless; 3) remove gender discrimination from nationality laws; 4) prevent denial, loss or deprivation of nationality on discriminatory grounds; 5) prevent statelessness in cases of …

What is a stateless passport?

A certificate of identity, sometimes called an alien’s passport, is a travel document issued by a country to non-citizens (also called aliens) residing within their borders who are stateless persons or otherwise unable to obtain a passport from their state of nationality (generally refugees).

Can I renounce my citizenship and become stateless?

Although many countries require citizenship of another nation before allowing renunciation, the United States does not, and an individual may legally renounce US citizenship and become stateless.

Can you lose your citizenship?

You will no longer be an American citizen if you voluntarily give up (renounce) your U.S. citizenship. You might lose your U.S. citizenship in specific cases, including if you: Run for public office in a foreign country (under certain conditions) Enter military service in a foreign country (under certain conditions)